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Table 2 Univariate analysis

From: A prospective study of tinea capitis in children: making the diagnosis easier with a dermoscope

  Female gender
(n = 12)
Inflammatory TC
(n = 8)
Non-inflammatory TC
(n = 26)
Microscopic TC
(n = 16)
Trichophytic TC
(n = 10)
Broken hair 92% 62.5% 100% 100% 100%
Scales* 92% 37.5% 100% 100% 100%
Follicular keratosis* 75% 50% 92% 93.7% 90%
Black dots 67% 62.5% 77% 87.5% 60%
Bent hairs 50% 75% 69% 62.5% 80%
Erythema* 50% 100% 54% 31% 90%
Comma hairs* 58% 12.5% 69% 93.7% 30%
Crusts* 33% 100% 35% 25% 50%
Corkscrew hairs* 58% 0% 46% 62.5% 20%
Forked hairs 25% 25% 35% 31% 40%
Bar code-like hair 8% 12.5% 31% 37.5% 20%
Follicular pustules* 17% 87.5% 4% 6% 0%
Zigzag hair 17% 0% 23% 25% 20%
Translucent hair 17% 0% 15% 12.5% 20%
V-shaped hair* 8% 37.5% 4% 6% 0%
p Value* 0.017 0.032/0.002/0.000 0.000/0.022 0.000/0.005 0.000
  1. TC tinea capitis
  2. *Corkscrew hair was significantly present in girls (p < 0.05). Erythema, crusts, follicular pustules, and V-shaped hair were significantly present in inflammatory tinea capitis, whereas scales and follicular keratosis were mostly seen in non-inflammatory tinea capitis. Dermoscopy of microsporic tinea capitis showed significant presence of comma hair and corkscrew hair without erythema, which is in contrast to trichophytic tinea capitis where erythema was present in 90% of cases
  3. The entries in boldface corresponds to the dermoscopic signs which p-value is significant