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Fig. 1 | Journal of Medical Case Reports

Fig. 1

From: Transabdominal two-cavity approach for radical nephrectomy combined with inferior vena cava thrombectomy for malignant thrombus caused by renal cell carcinoma: a case series

Fig. 1

Preoperative computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging of the renal carcinoma malignant tumorous thrombus level IV infiltration of the inferior vena cava (arrow marking the tumorous thrombus). a Patient 1: supradiaphragmatic tumorous thrombus without the right atrium infiltration. b Patient 2: suprahepatic tumor thrombus. c Patient 3: right kidney tumor with dilated inferior vena cava up to 5.5 cm

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