Skip to main content

Table 2 Examples of recent incidences of foodborne botulism with special attention to time to application of antitoxin and duration of ventilation

From: Foodborne botulism due to ingestion of home-canned green beans: two case reports

Source of outbreak
(state and year, type of botulinum toxin) Reference
Number of cases/Respiratory failure Symptom onset to resp. failure, hours Ingestion of toxin to resp. failure, hours Ingestion of toxin to application of antitoxin, hours Duration of intubation, days
Smoked ribs
(China 2013, A) [16]
12/2 Patient 1: 26
Patient 2: 78
Patient 1: 58 Patient 2: 110 54 Patient 1: 12
Patient 2: 9
Bamboo shoots
(Thailand 2006, A) [15]
209/42
(18 of 42 were followed up)
4–95 46–97 10 patients: 96
8 patients: 144
Antitoxin given after 96 hours: 10–23 days.
Antitoxin given after 144 hours: 10–36 days
Carrot juice
(USA 2006, A) [17]
6/6
(5 of 6 were treated with antitoxin)
8–96 38–72 (a) Patient 1–3: 37–41
Patient 4: ~293
Patient 5: ~1057
Antitoxin given: 54 to > 365 (one patient died).
Antitoxin not given: 129
“Pruno” home-canned wine
(USA 2011, A) [18]
8/3 39–89 39–89 72–99 Patient 1: 6
Patient 2: 19
Patient 3: 80
  1. aTwo patients with unknown time of ingestion. resp. respiratory