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Table 2 Levels of serum and cerebrospinal fluid metabolites in our patient relative to normative values

From: X-linked ichthyosis associated with psychosis and behavioral abnormalities: a case report

Measures Patient’s values Normal range
Serum
 WBC 6.1 × 109 4.0–12.0 × 109/L
 Hemoglobin 12.9 113–150 g/L
 Urea 4 2.5–6 mmol/L
 Sodium 137 138–145 mmol/L
 Potassium 4 3.4–4.7 mmol/L
 Chloride 103 95–110 mmol/L
 CO2 22 20–28 mmol/L
 Creatinine 46 27–62 mmol/L
 Albumin 39 38–54 g/L
 Calcium 2.2 2.2–2.7 mmol/L
 Phosphorus 1.7 1.05–1.85 mmol/L
 Magnesium 0.81 0.7–0.85 mmol/L
 Total bilirubin 18 3.4–20.5 umol/L
 AST 26 5–34 U/L
 ALT 15 5–55 U/L
 TP 66 60–80 g/L
 ESR 20 0–15 mm/hour
 C-reactive protein <3.5 <3.5
 GTP 45 12–64 U/L
 Ammonia 61 18–72 umol/L
 TSH 3.01 0.35–4.94 mIU/L
 FT4 10.7 9–19 pmol/L
 TSH antibodies Negative Negative
 FT4 antibodies Negative Negative
 TSH hormone receptor antibodies 0.5 (Negative) <1.8 IU/L
 CK 128 30–200 U/L
 Copper 22.9 11.78–22.77 umol/L
 Pyruvate 0.315 0.08–0.16 mmol/L
 Vitamin D 146.9 62.6–228.0 pmol/L
 Vitamin A 687 300–700 ug/L
 Ceruloplasmin 0.36 0.20–0.60 g/L
 Carbamazepine level 27 17–42 umol/L
 Homocysteine level 10 ≤15.0 umol/L
 Lead level <0.18 ≤1.22 umol/L
 Mycoplasma IgM 3.6 <10 index is negative
 Mycoplasma IgG <10.0 <10.0 AU/ml negative
 EBV <10 <20 U/ML negative
 Cytomegalovirus <5.0 <12.0 U/ml negative
 Antistreptolysin O titer 286 >200 IU
Brucella antibodies <1:160 <1:160 is negative
 C3 1.45 0.80–1.70 g/L
 C4 0.09 0.14–0.44 g/L
 Antinuclear antibodies 0.50 <1.5 index is negative
 Anti-DNA 17 <200 IU/ml negative
 Anti-NMDA antibodies Negative Negative
 Glutamate receptor IgG antibodies Not detectable Not detectable
 Very long chain fatty acids Unremarkable -
 Biotinidase 5.80 4.20–12.80 nM/minute/ml
 Lactic acid 1.54 0.50–2.20 mmol/L
 Newborn screening Unremarkable -
Cerebrospinal fluid
 Glucose 3.7 3.30–4.40 mmol/L
 Protein 0.44 0.15–0.40 g/L
 RBC 11 Not significant
 WBC <1 Not significant
 Lactic acid 1.2 ≤2.20
Brucella (IgM, IgG) <10 Unremarkable
 Measles (IgM, IgG) Negative -
 Cytomegalovirus (PCR) Negative -
 HSV (PCR) Not detected -
 Anti-NMDA antibodies Negative -
 Mycoplasma antibody Negative -
 Culture and sensitivity Negative -
  1. ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, CK creatine kinase, CO2 carbon dioxide, C3 complement component 3, C4 complement component 4, DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, EBV Epstein–Barr virus, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, FT4 free thyroxine, GTP glutamyl transpeptidase, HSV herpes simplex virus, IgG immunoglobulin G, IgM immunoglobulin M, NMDA N-methyl-D-aspartate, PCR polymerase chain reaction, RBC red blood cells, TP total protein, TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone, WBC white blood cells