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Table 1 Clinical characteristics, surgical management, and outcomes of published cases

From: Anesthetic management of spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma during pregnancy: a case report

Author [reference] Age, years GW Time from ND to decompression Symptoms Level Timing of decompression related to delivery Surgical positioning Outcome (recovery)
Mahieu et al. [1] 26 30 3 hours Neck pain
Brown-Séquard syndrome
C3–T1 After CS ? Complete
Singh et al. [2] 25 31 30 hours Interscapular pain
Quadriplegia
C3–C7 Before VD ? Complete
Yonekawa et al. [6] 20 37 14 hours Neck pain
Paraplegia
C4–C6 Before VD Sitting position No recovery
Wang et al. [13] 29 40 6 hours Neck pain
Quadriplegia
C5–C7 After CS Prone position Mild (impaired sensation in fingers)
Iwatsuki et al. [15] 27 37 Spontaneously resolved Left shoulder pain C4-T1 Abstention Not done Spontaneous recovery
Masski et al. [20] 27 41 12 hours Neck and arm pain
Quadriplegia
C7–T2 After CS Prone position No recovery
Binnert et al. [28] 28 37 120 hours Interscapular pain
Paraplegia
C7–T1 After VD Sitting position No recovery
Matsubara et al. [29] 36 16 9 hours Interscapular pain
Quadriplegia
C3–C7 Before CS ? No recovery
Tada et al. [30] 26
21
31
39
30 hours
12 hours
Paraparesis
Quadriparesis
C4–T2
C5–T2
After CS
After CS
Prone position
Prone position
Complete
Complete
Our patient 35 21 28 hours Neck and interscapular pain
Quadriplegia
C3–C6 Before CS Prone position Mild
  1. Abbreviations: CS Cesarean section, GW Gestational weeks, ND Neurological deficit, VD Vaginal delivery