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Table 3 Metabolic risk factors in the Syrian adolescents by body mass index category

From: Predictive value of body mass index to metabolic syndrome risk factors in Syrian adolescents

Characteristics Underweight
BMI <20
Normal
20 < BMI <25
Overweight
25 < BMI <30
Obesity
BMI >30
LSD 5%
SBP (mmHg) 121.85 ± 16.60a 122.9 ± 14.65a 124.2 ± 13.2a 127.3 ± 14.55b 14.55
DBP (mmHg) 72.8 ± 11.2a 73.7 ± 10.6a 76.4 ± 10.2bc 77.7 ± 11.5c 10.72
FBS (mg/100 ml) 90.5 ± 10.5ab 89.1 ± 8.4a 89.1 ± 8.4ab 91.6 ± 7.9b 8.53
TG (mg/100 ml) 89.5 ± 51.5a 86.9 ± 39.4a 99.8 ± 44.6b 125.1 ± 62.9c 44.06
Chol (mg/100 ml) 132.7 ± 29.6a 134.4 ± 32.1a 139.0 ± 35.2b 153.6 ± 34.6c 33.04
HDL-Chol (mg/100 ml) 57.4 ± 5.4ab 57.0 ± 5.7a 57.7 ± 5.6b 56.8 ± 5. 5ab 5.63
LDL-Chol (mg/100 ml) 58.9 ± 27.2a 61.3 ± 28.8a 62.2 ± 30.9a 71.9 ± 30.7b 29.34
TG/HDL-Chol 1.56 ± 0.91a 1.53 ± 0.70a 1.74 ± 0.78b 2.22 ± 1.15c 0.78
  1. BMI body mass index, LSD least significant difference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBS fasting blood sugar, TG triglycerides, Chol cholesterol, HDL-Chol high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-Chol low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG/HDL-Chol triglycerides/ high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. a, b, cmean values in the same row not sharing a superscript are significantly different