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Table 1 Differential diagnosis for intracranial cystic lesions [7, 8]

From: Pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma mimicking neurocysticercosis: a case report

Malignant neoplasm:
 • Metastatic lesion
 • Primary brain neoplasm (central nervous system lymphoma, glioblastoma)
Infection:
 • Bacterial (tuberculosis, pyogenic abscess, syphilis, nocardia, Whipple’s disease)
 • Endemic fungi (cryptococcus, coccidiomycosis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis)
 • Parasitic (neurocysticercosis, cerebral sparganosis)
 • Viral (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy)
Inflammatory:
 • Multiple sclerosis
 • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
 • Transverse myelitis
 • Neuro-Behçet’s disease
Other:
 • Neurosarcoidosis
 • Amyloidosis