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Table 1 Summary of clinical characteristics of polytetrafluoroethylene fume–induced pulmonary edema a

From: Polytetrafluoroethylene fume–induced pulmonary edema: a case report and review of the literature

Patient Authors Sex Age (yr) Comorbid disease Smoking Situation Overheated temperature (°C) Exposure time SIRS Symptoms Treatment Outcome (treatment period)
1 Harris et al. [1] Male 38 No N/R Heating PTFE extruder in an oven at a laboratory N/R N/R Yes Dyspnea Absolute rest Discharged (1 day)
2 Lee et al. [11] Male 43 No N/R Molding PTFE-containing materials at a factory, dayshift worker >410 to 510 9 hr Yes Dyspnea, malaise Intubation, antibiotics, inotropics Died (5 hr)
3 Lee et al. [11] Male 37 No Yes Foreman of patient 2, with job different from that of patient 2 (monitoring, cutting and packing) >410 to 510 9 hr (intermittently exposed) No Dyspnea, fever, chest pain, chills, malaise O2 Discharged (7 days)
4 Lee et al. [11] Male 22 No N/R Colleague of patient 2, a night shift worker with job different from that of patient 2 (monitoring, cutting and packing) >410 to 510 9 hr (intermittently exposed) No Dyspnea, cough, chest pain N/R Discharged (9 days)
5 Robbins et al. [4] Male 38 No Yes Welding PTFE-containing materials at a factory. >560 3 hr Yes Dyspnea, cough, fever, chest pain O2, antibiotics Discharged (3 days)
6 Evans et al. [5] Male 49 No Yes Molding PTFE-containing materials at a factory 740 1 hr N/A Dyspnea, cough, fever, throat pain O2 Discharged (2 days)
7 Haugtomt et al. [8] Male 33 No N/R Sanding Teflon-coated surface at a factory N/R 15 min Yes Dyspnea, fever, chest pain, blood sputum Diuretics, antibiotics, dopamine, O2 Discharged (7 days)
8 Brubaker et al. [6] Male N/R No Yes Smoking PTFE-contaminated cigarettes during commute 470 to 812 <10 min N/A Dyspnea, cough, chest pain, chills N/R Discharged (N/R)
9 Patel et al. [13] Male 40 No Yes Smoking PTFE-contaminated cigarettes in the home 470 to 812 <10 min Yes Dyspnea, cough, fever, chills Albuterol Discharged (2 days)
10 Tanino et al. [12] Female 25 No Yes Smoking PTFE-contaminated cigarettes in the home 470 to 812 <10 minutes No Dyspnea, cough, fever Steroid Discharged (10 days)
11 Silver et al. [9] Male 21 No Yes Smoking PTFE-contaminated cigarettes at a factory 470 to 812 <10 min Yes Dyspnea, cough, chills, nausea/vomiting Antibiotics Discharged (1 day)
12 Strøm et al. [14] Male 36 No Yes Smoking PTFE-contaminated cigarettes in the home 470 to 812 <10 min Yes Dyspnea, chills Antibiotics, O2 Improved (1 day)
13 Myhre et al. [7] Male 25 No Yes Smoking PTFE-contaminated cigarettes during commute 470 to 812 <10 min N/A Dyspnea, chills, cough, headache N/R Improved (19 hr)
14 Shimizu et al. [2] Male 29 No N/R Overheating PTFE-coated pan on fire in the home >391 6 hr No Dyspnea, cough O2 Discharged (3 days)
15 Toyama et al. [16] Male 59 OSAS Yes Overheating PTFE-coated kitchenware in oven in the home >391 4 hr Yes Fever, throat pain O2, diuretics Discharged (9 days)
16 Son et al. [15] Male 30 BA Yes Overheating PTFE-coated pan on fire in the home >391 7 hr No Dyspnea, cough, fever Observation Discharged (6 days)
17 Zanen et al. [10] Female 26 Wilms’ tumor No Overheating PTFE-coated kitchenware in microwave oven in the home >391 <10 min Yes Dyspnea, cough, fever, chest pain O2, steroid Discharged (1 day)
18 Our patient Male 35 No Yes Overheating PTFE coated pan on fire in the home >391 10 hours Yes Dyspnea, cough NPPV, sivelestat Discharged (11 days)
  1. aBA, Bronchial asthma; N/A, Not available; NPPV, Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation; N/R, Not recorded; OSAS, Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; PTFE, Polytetrafluoroethylene; SIRS, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome.