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Table 1 Acquired causes of hemophagocytic syndrome

From: Acquired hemophagocytic syndrome related to parainfluenza virus infection: case report

Infections Autoimmunity Others
Viral: Epstein-Barr, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, varicella, human immunodeficiency virus Systemic lupus Common variable immunodeficiency
Bacterial: Brucellosis, Tuberculosis Still disease Kawasaki disease
Parasites: Leishmaniasis Systemic sclerosis Lymphoproliferative diseases
Fungal Sjögren’s Antiretroviral T therapy
  Drug reaction (or rash) with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome  
Nodosum polyangiitis