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Table 2 Literature review of pediatric cases of urinary tract infections caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis

From: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis pyelonephritis in a child: a case report

Source Age (years) uWBCs (/hpf) Sensitive Resistance Urinary abnormalities
Hagler et al. 1990 [6] 9 >100 Cephalosporins, VCM, TMP, EM, nitrofurantoin ABPC No VUR, Bladder diverticulum
  11 20-30 EM, nitrofurantoin, tetracycline ABPC No VUR, Bladder diverticulum
Hall et al.1994 [7] 6 None VCM, TMP/SMX, clindamycin ABPC, cephalosporins VUR: Bilateral Gr III, Duplications
  7 3-5 Cephalosporins - VUR: Right Gr III, Left Gr II Posterior urethral valve
McDonald et al. 1994 [8] 11 5-10 - - VUR: Right Gr III
Upadhyayula et al. 2012 [9] 0.6 5-10 VCM, TMP/SMX, GM Ceftriaxone VUR: Right Gr V, Left Gr IV
Present 1.5 5-9 VCM, TMP/SMX, GM, amikacin, minocycline, levofloxacin Penicillins, cephalosporins VUR: Right Gr V, Left Gr III Right small kidney
  1. ABPC: ampicillin; EM: erythromycin; GM: gentamycin; hpf: high power field; Gr: grade; TMP/SMX: trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole; uWBCs: urine white blood cells; VCM: vancomycin; VUR: vesicoureteral reflux.