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Table 2 Overview of the literature on pregnancy after Fontan repair

From: Four successful pregnancies in a woman after Fontan palliation: a case report

Authors (reference) Patients (number) Completed pregnancies Miscarriage/abortion Cardiac complications Pregnancy complications Obstetric complications Neonatal complications
Girod et al. [6] 1 1 PL (1) PD (1), SGA (1)
Hess et al. [7] 1 1 SVT (1) PL (1) PD (1), ND (1)
Carmona et al. [8] 1 1
Gerardin et al. [9] 1 1 SVT (1), HF (1) PIH (1) PL (1), F (1) PD (1)
Carp et al. [10] 2 2 1/– AFL/AF (1) CS (1), PROM (1), PPH (1) PD (2), SGA (1)
Cohen and Mulvein [11] 1 1 AFL/AF (1) PROM (1), PL (1) PD (1), ND (1)
Osmers et al. [12] 1 1 VAG (1) CS (1) PD (1)
Lao et al. [13] 1 1 VAG (1) PROM (1), PL (1), PPH (1) PD (1)
Canobbio et al. [3] 21 15 13/5 SVT (1), HF (1), NYHA↓ (1) CS (11), PROM (1), PL (1) CHD (1), PD (1)
Grunwald et al. [14] 1 1 PPH (1) SGA (1)
Hoare and Radford [15] 3 4 5/2 AFL/AF (2), NYHA↓ (1) CS (2), PROM (1), PL (1) PD (4)
Siu et al. [16] 5 5 AFL/AF (2), NYHA↓ (2)
Ito et al. [17] 1 1 CS (1) SGA (1)
Drenthen et al. [18] 38 4 5/1 AFL/AF (1), NYHA↓ (2) VAG (1), PIH (1) CS (3), F (1), PL (1), PROM (1), PPH (1) PD (2), SGA (2), ND (1)
Overall 78 39 24/8 AFL/AF (7), NYHA↓ (6), SVT (3) HF (2) VAG (3), PIH (2) CS (19), PL (8), PROM (6), PPH (4), F (2) PD (15), SGA (5), ND (3), CHD (1)
  1. AF, atrial fibrillation; AFL, atrial flutter; CHD, congenital heart disease; CS, caesarean section; F, forceps delivery; HF, heart failure; ND, neonatal death; NYHA↓, New York Heart Association class deterioration; PD, premature delivery; PIH, pregnancy-induced hypertension; PL, premature labor; PPH, postpartum hemorrhage; PROM, premature rupture of membranes; SGA, small for gestational age; SVT, supraventricular tachycardia; VAG, vaginal bleeding.