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Table 1 Reported cases of craniovertebral junction malformation and syncope

From: Syncope caused by congenital anomaly at the craniovertebral junction: a case report

Author Age, sex Suspected cause of syncope Symptoms other than syncope
Corbett et al.[2] 29 M Intolerance of Valsalva-induced changes relating to CVJ malalignment and Chiari malformation Dizziness
Pratiparnawatr et al.[5] 31 M Unclear Nystagmus, fasciculation of tongue, atrophy of tongue and sternocleidomastoid muscle, weakness of extremities
Present 10 M Bilateral persistent first intersegmental arteries pinched between the C1 posterior arch and the pars interarticularis of C2 Frequent falls
  1. CVJ, craniovertebral junction; M, male.