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Table 1 Description of central and peripheral pediatric trigeminocardiac reflex case reports in the literature

From: Central trigeminocardiac reflex in pediatric neurosurgery: a case report and review of the literature

Author TCR type Case description TCR occurrence and management
Potti et al.[11] Peripheral Percutaneous embolization with DMSO of a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. Bradycardia and asystole (30 second duration), resolved after cessation of the procedure and administering anticholinergic drugs.
Puri et al.[11] Peripheral Percutaneous embolization with DMSO of a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in a 10-year-old boy. Bradycardia resolved after cessation of the procedure and administering anticholinergic drugs.
Stavrinou et al.[13] Peripheral Stereotactic biopsy of fourth ventricle and pontine tumor in a 10-year-old Caucasian girl. Incorrect pin holder placement over the supraorbital nerve, managed by cessation of the intervention.
Spiriev et al. Central Middle fossa meningioma on an 18-month-old Caucasian boy. Surgical manipulation of the middle fossa dura and tentorium. TCR managed by cessation of the stimulus and ephedrine administration due to very low mean arterial blood pressure.
  1. DMSO: dimethylsulfoxide; TCR: trigeminocardiac reflex.