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Table 2 European cases of Salmonella enterica ssp. arizonae infection

From: Salmonella enterica ssp. arizonae infection in a 43-year-old Italian man with hypoglobulinemia: a case report and review of the literature

Reference (first author/year) Country Type of infection (no. of cases) Possible exposure Specimens Underlying conditions
Aiken, 2010 [5] UK Unknown (3) Reptiles (two patients), not reported (one patient) Not reported Not reported
Schneider, 2009 [6] France Septic arthritis (1) Snake Synovial fluid Young age
Bertrand, 2008 [7] Belgium Not reported (3) Snakes (three patients) Not reported Young age (two patients), dialytic treatment (one patient)
  Netherlands Not reported (16) Reptiles (most patients) Not reported Not reported
  Germany Not reported (2) Snakes (two patients) Not reported Young age (one patient), unknown (one patient)
  Ireland Not reported (1) Snake Not reported Young age
Starakis, 2007 [8] Greece Endocarditis (1) Vegetables contaminated with turtles feces Blood Sickle cell disease, secondary hemochromatosis
Ozdemir, 2006 [9] Turkey Sepsis (1) Unknown Blood AIDS
Foster, 2005 [10] UK Gastroenteritis (1) Reptiles Stools Young age
Salavert, 2002 [11] Spain Abdominal abscess (1) Veterinarian patient Pericardial effusion, pericardial biopsy Obesity
Catani, 2002 [12] Italy Pericarditis (1) Travels Pus Chronic renal failure on dialytic treatment
Carfagna, 1998* [13]; Galiè, 1997* [14] Italy Severe sepsis (1) Travels Blood Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia
Carfagna, 1998 [13] Italy Septic shock (1) Travels Brain and lungs, autoptic specimens Chronic lymphatic leukemia on cytostatic treatment
Sanyal, 1997 [15] UK Gastroenteritis (1) Snakes Stools Young age, Netherton's syndrome
Buck, 1997 [16] UK Gastroenteritis (1) Reptiles (snake) Stools Young age
Hall, 1992 [17] UK (66 cases from 1966 to 1990) Enteritis (55), symptomless (6), unknown (3) Travels 23 patients (35%), terrapins two patients, snakes 11 patients Blood (two patients), stools (66 patients) 49% of infections occurred in babies and young children
  1. *Same clinical case.