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Table 1 Some Causes of Pathologic Splenic Rupture [1, 3]

From: Spontaneous splenic rupture in an active duty Marine upon return from Iraq: a case report

Infectious Neoplastic and Hematologic
Bacterial    Leukemia
   Staphylococci    Lymphoma
   Streptococci    Myelofibrosis
   Clostridium spp.    Multiple myeloma
   Actinomycosis    Splenic malignancy
   Salmonella spp.    Hepatocellular carcinoma
   Enterobacter spp.    Hemophilia
   Campylobacter spp.    Congenital factor XIII deficiency
   Haemophilus spp.    Protein S deficiency
   Tularemia    Hemolytic anemia
   Brucellosis    Polycythemia
   Legionellosis    Anticoagulant therapy
   Tuberculosis  
Viral Local splenic causes
   Infectious mononucleosis    Splenic cyst
   Mumps    Splenic vein thrombosis
   Hepatitis A    Splenic peliosis
   Dengue    Diffuse splenic angiomatosis
   Cytomegalovirus    Portal hypertension
   Rubella    Splenic infarct
   Varicella-zoster  
   Influenza Miscellaneous
   HIV    Sarcoidosis
Other    Amyloidosis
   Malaria    Wilson's disease
   Leishmaniasis (visceral)    Gaucher's disease
   Syphilis    Cirrhosis
   Echinoccocus spp.    Crohn's disease
   Typhus    Polyarteritis nodosa
   Leptospirosis    Systemic lupus erythematosus
   Q fever    Pancreatitis
   Relapsing fever    Rheumatoid arthritis
   Candidiasis    Wegener's vasculitis