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Table 2 Differential diagnosis of hypertension and dystonia.

From: Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia in a patient with tuberculous meningitis: a case report

Neurological
   Increased intracranial pressure (ICP)
   Non-convulsive epileptic seizures
   Central fever
   Autonomic dysreflexia
   Agitation
   Dystonia
   Lethal catatonia
   Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia (PAID)
Infectious
   Meningitis
   Sepsis
Drugs/toxins
   Delirium
   Serotonin syndrome
   Narcotic withdrawal
   Neuroleptic syndrome
   Malignant hyperthermia
   Scorpion envenomation
   Gammahydroxybutyrate intoxication
   Fenfluramine-phentirmine overdose
Other
   Pheochromocytoma
   Thyroid storm
   Renal artery stenosis
  1. Other diseases might share some features with paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia or other diseases with hypertension and dystonia.