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Table 1 Previously reported cases of Lactococcus lactis cremoris associated infections

From: Ascending cholangitis presenting with Lactococcus lactis cremoris bacteraemia: a case report

Year Age Sex Site of infection Exposure to unpasteurized milk products Treatment Outcome Immune status
2006 [1] 80 F Canaliculitis None Oral ampicillin and topical chloramphenicol Complete resolution Normal
2005 [2] 68 M Deep neck infection Cow breeder and consumed unpasteurized milk Ceftriaxone and metronidazole for 6 weeks Resolution on discharge Previous malignancy
2004 [3] 79 F Liver abscess None Percutaneous drainage, Imipenem Cilastatin for 5 weeks Complete resolution Normal
2002 [4] 45 F Cerebellar abscess Not commented Ceftriaxone 8 weeks, gentamicin 2 weeks, Metronidazole No residual deficit and no recurrence at 9 months Normal
2002 [3] 67 M Endocarditis History of drinking unpasteurized milk Co-amoxiclav and gentamicin 15 days Well 6 months post discharge Normal
      Penicillin for 6 weeks   
2000 [5] 14 F Liver abscess None Percutaneous drainage Discharged from hospital on day 48 Normal
      Cefotiam, Amikacin and Clindamycin for 8 days   
      Panipenem for 8 days   
      Piperacillin 15 days and amikacin 10 days   
1996 [6] 56 M Endocarditis None Penicillin G for 12 days and Clarithromycin for 18 days Well 18 months post discharge Normal
1995 [7] 69 M Septicaemia Yoghurt ingested Cefotaxime and Amikacin No comment Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
1993 [8] 57 F Septic arthritis Unpasteurized milk Penicillin for 6 weeks Deformity 8 months post discharge, but no ongoing infection Normal
1990 [9] 65 F Endocarditis Not commented Benzylpenicillin and gentamicin No ongoing infection Normal
1990 [10] 24 M Necrotizing pneumonitis and empyema Unpasteurized milk and cheese eaten Thoracocentesis (*3)
Penicillin and clindamycin 15 days
Well 1 month post discharge HIV positive
1955 [11] 21 M Endocarditis Sour cream known to contain S. Lactis Penicillin and Dihydrostreptomycin for 22 days Well 4 months post discharge Normal