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  1. Case report

    Pediatric tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in the United Kingdom highlights the need for better therapy monitoring tools: a case report

    Tuberculosis is an infection that requires at least 6 months of chemotherapy in order to clear the bacteria from the patient’s lungs. Usually, therapeutic monitoring is dependent on smear microscopy where a de...

    Dimitrios Evangelopoulos, Elizabeth Whittaker, Isobella Honeyborne, Timothy D. McHugh, Nigel Klein and Delane Shingadia

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:52

    Published on: 26 February 2017

  2. Case report

    Acute corneal hydrops during pregnancy with spontaneous resolution after corneal cross-linking for keratoconus: a case report

    Keratoconus may progress to acute corneal hydrops even after cross-linking. In some cases, keratoconus progresses during pregnancy. In this report, we present a case of a patient with increased anterior stroma...

    Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Thaís Thumé and Elcio Luiz Bonamigo

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:53

    Published on: 25 February 2017

  3. Case report

    Recurring septic shock in a patient with blunt abdominal and pelvic trauma: how mandatory is source control surgery?: a case report

    In critically ill patients with colonization/infection of multidrug-resistant organisms, source control surgery is one of the major determinants of clinical success. In more complex cases, the use of different...

    Antonella Frattari, Giustino Parruti, Rocco Erasmo, Luigi Guerra, Ennio Polilli, Rosamaria Zocaro, Giuliano Iervese, Paolo Fazii and Tullio Spina

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:49

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  4. Case report

    Severe skull base osteomyelitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with successful outcome after prolonged outpatient therapy with continuous infusion of ceftazidime and oral ciprofloxacin: a case report

    Skull base osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease that usually complicates a malignant external otitis with temporal bone involvement. It affects predominantly diabetic and immunocompromised males and has a high...

    Cristina Conde-Díaz, Jara Llenas-García, Mónica Parra Grande, Gertrudis Terol Esclapez, Mar Masiá and Félix Gutiérrez

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:48

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  5. Case report

    Yolk sac tumor in the abdominal wall of an 18-month-old girl: a case report

    Pediatric germ cell tumors account for approximately 3.5 % of all childhood cancers for children under the age of 15 years. Up to one-third are extragonadal neoplasms. Germ cell tumors are a heterogeneous grou...

    Machiel van den Akker, Dirk Vervloessem, An Huybrechs, Sabine Declercq and Jutte van der Werff ten Bosch

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:47

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  6. Case report

    Myopericytoma in urinary bladder: a case report

    Myopericytoma is reported to occur mainly in the skin and superficial soft tissue of the extremities. In contrast, occurrence in the urinary bladder is extremely rare.

    Takahiro Nagai, Toshio Kamimura, Kaoru Itou, Masato Fujii, Hiromasa Tsukino, Shoichiro Mukai, Yutaka Akiyama, Hiroaki Kataoka and Toshiyuki Kamoto

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:46

    Published on: 19 February 2017

  7. Case report

    Chemotherapy for primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor in a patient undergoing chronic hemodialysis: a case report

    The safety and efficacy of chemotherapy for patients undergoing concomitant hemodialysis have not been fully established and optimal doses of anti-cancer drugs and best timing of hemodialysis remains unclear. ...

    Haruki Hirakawa, Chiho Nakashima, Tomomi Nakamura, Masanori Masuda, Taro Funakoshi, Shunsaku Nakagawa, Takahiro Horimatsu, Kazuo Matsubara, Manabu Muto, Shinya Kimura and Naoko Sueoka-Aragane

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:43

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  8. Case report

    R248G cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator mutation in three siblings presenting with recurrent acute pancreatitis and reproductive issues: a case series

    Mutational combinations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, CFTR, gene have different phenotypic manifestations at the molecular level with varying clinical consequences for individuals po...

    Seiichi Villalona, Guillermo Glover-López, Juan Antonio Ortega-García, Rosa Moya-Quiles, Pedro Mondejar-López, Maria C. Martínez-Romero, Mariano Rigabert-Montiel, María D. Pastor-Vivero and Manuel Sánchez-Solís

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:42

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  9. Case report

    Myxoma of the kidney – an unusual benign renal tumor: a case report

    Myxomas are rare benign soft tissue tumors. The kidney is an unusual location for this tumor. For this reason, less than 15 cases of renal myxoma have been reported in the English literature. There are no spec...

    Somuah Tenkorang, Youssef Kharbach, Jean-Paul Omana, Boubacar Efared, Soufiane Mellas, Mohammed Fadl Tazi, Mohamed Sekal, Taoufik Harmouch, Abdelhak Khallouk, Jamal Mohammed El Fassi, Jalal Eddine El Ammari and Moulay Hassan Farih

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:41

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  10. Case report

    A white man with Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease mimicking lymphoma, preceded by frequent episodes of tonsillitis: a case report

    Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a very rare cause of benign lymphadenopathy affecting mainly young Asiatic females. Little is known about the causative agent of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease; however, there are hypothe...

    Agata Szczurowska, Tomasz Pawlowski, Agnieszka Halon and Anna Skoczynska

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:39

    Published on: 12 February 2017

  11. Case report

    Primary mediastinal large B cell lymphoma in a woman who is human immunodeficiency virus positive presenting with superior vena cava syndrome: a case report

    The risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is increased 200-fold in individuals seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus compared to those free from human immunodeficiency virus. Human immunodeficiency virus-associ...

    Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Frederick Lyimo, Elikaanany Urio, Peter Kisenge and Mohamed Janabi

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:38

    Published on: 11 February 2017

  12. Case report

    Unexpected extrapyramidal symptoms and pulmonary aspergillosis in exertional heatstroke with fulminant liver failure: a case report

    Exertional heatstroke is a life-threatening condition with high mortality because of the rapid progress of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome even if aggressive treatments are initiated rapidly. Mild to moder...

    Jie Jiao, Feihu Zhou, Hongjun Kang, Chao Liu, Mengmeng Yang and Jie Hu

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:37

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  13. Case report

    Infective endocarditis following tumor necrosis factor-α antagonist therapy for management of psoriatic erythroderma: a case report

    The introduction of biological agents, such as infliximab, which act against tumor necrosis factor-α was a major advance for the treatment of an increasing number of chronic diseases. Tumor necrosis factor-α a...

    Takuro Mizuno, Jun Kiyosawa, Akihiro Fukuda, Seiji Watanabe, Nozomu Kurose, Takayuki Nojima and Tsugiyasu Kanda

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:35

    Published on: 9 February 2017

  14. Case report

    Giant gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with severe peritoneal dissemination controlled by imatinib therapy following debulking surgery: a case report

    At the time of diagnosis, giant gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors are sometimes associated with severe peritoneal dissemination. Unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumors are considered a systemic dis...

    Shuichi Fukuda, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Tomoko Wakasa, Kotaro Kitani, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta and Masatoshi Inoue

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:33

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  15. Case report

    Persistent Graves’ hyperthyroidism despite rapid negative conversion of thyroid-stimulating hormone-binding inhibitory immunoglobulin assay results: a case report

    Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism, and patients exhibit thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody. The major methods of measuring circulating thyroid-stimul...

    Nobumasa Ohara, Masanori Kaneko, Masaru Kitazawa, Yasuyuki Uemura, Shinichi Minagawa, Masashi Miyakoshi, Kenzo Kaneko and Kyuzi Kamoi

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:32

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  16. Case report

    Craniopharyngioma presenting with severe hyponatremia, hyponatremia-induced myopathy, and panhypopituitarism: a case report

    Craniopharyngiomas are rare intracranial tumors commonly presenting with neurological symptoms. Reports of severe hyponatremia as a presenting manifestation of a craniopharyngioma and hyponatremia-induced myop...

    M. D. S. A. Dilrukshi, G. V. N. Sandakumari, P. K. Abeysundara and T. Chang

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:31

    Published on: 5 February 2017

  17. Case report

    Fluids and sepsis: changing the paradigm of fluid therapy: a case report

    Over the past 16 years, sepsis management has been guided by large-volume fluid administration to achieve certain hemodynamic optimization as advocated in the Rivers protocol. However, the safety of such pract...

    Hori Hariyanto, Corry Quando Yahya, Monika Widiastuti, Primartanto Wibowo and Oloan Eduard Tampubolon

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:30

    Published on: 4 February 2017

  18. Case report

    Unusual presentation of a severely ill patient having severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome: a case report

    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel phlebovirus belonging to the family Bunyaviridate. Emergence of encephalitis/encephalopathy during severe fever w...

    Masahiko Kaneko, Masaki Maruta, Hisaharu Shikata, Kengo Asou, Hiroto Shinomiya, Tadaki Suzuki, Hideki Hasegawa, Masayuki Shimojima and Masayuki Saijo

    Journal of Medical Case Reports 2017 11:27

    Published on: 3 February 2017

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